Surah 2 - The Cow (Part 1)
The Cow - Part 1
In the Name
of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Book, there is no doubt in it, is a guide to those who guard (against evil).
who believe in the unseen and keep up prayer and spend out of what We have given them.
who believe in that which has been revealed to you and that which was revealed before you
and they are sure of the hereafter.
are on a right course from their Lord and these it is that shall be successful.
those who disbelieve, it being alike to them whether you warn them, or do not warn them,
will not believe.
has set a seal upon their hearts and upon their hearing and there is a covering over their
eyes, and there is a great punishment for them.
there are some people who say: We believe in Allah and the last day; and they are not at
desire to deceive Allah and those who believe, and they deceive only themselves and they
do not perceive.
is a disease in their hearts, so Allah added to their disease and they shall have a
painful chastisement because they lied.
when it is said to them, Do not make mischief in the land, they say: We are but
surely they themselves are the mischief makers, but they do not perceive.
when it is said to them: Believe as the people believe they say: Shall we believe as the
fools believe? Now surely they themselves are the fools, but they do not know.
when they meet those who believe, they say: We believe; and when they are alone with their
Shaitans, they say: Surely we are with you, we were only mocking.
shall pay them back their mockery, and He leaves them alone in their inordinacy, blindly
are they who buy error for the right direction, so their bargain shall bring no gain, nor
are they the followers of the right direction.
parable is like the parable of one who kindled a fire but when it had illumined all around
him, Allah took away their light, and left them in utter darkness-- they do not see.
dumb (and) blind, so they will not turn back.
like abundant rain from the cloud in which is utter darkness and thunder and lightning;
they put their fingers into their ears because of the thunder peal, for fear of death, and
Allah encompasses the unbelievers.
lightning almost takes away their sight; whenever it shines on them they walk in it, and
when it becomes dark to them they stand still; and if Allah had pleased He would certainly
have taken away their hearing and their sight; surely Allah has power over all things.
men! serve your Lord Who created you and those before you so that you may guard (against
made the earth a resting place for you and the heaven a canopy and (Who) sends down rain
from the cloud then brings forth with it subsistence for you of the fruits; therefore do
not set up rivals to Allah while you know.
if you are in doubt as to that which We have revealed to Our servant, then produce a
chapter like it and call on your witnesses besides Allah if you are truthful.
if you do (it) not and never shall you do (it), then be on your guard against the fire of
which men and stones are the fuel; it is prepared for the unbelievers.
convey good news to those who believe and do good deeds, that they shall have gardens in
which rivers flow; whenever they shall be given a portion of the fruit thereof, they shall
say: This is what was given to us before; and they shall be given the like of it, and they
shall have pure mates in them, and in them, they shall abide.
Surely Allah is not ashamed to set forth any parable-- (that of) a gnat or any thing above
that; then as for those who believe, they know that it is the truth from their Lord, and
as for those who disbelieve, they say: What is it that Allah means by this parable: He
causes many to err by it and many He leads aright by it! but He does not cause to err by
it (any) except the transgressors,
break the covenant of Allah after its confirmation and cut asunder what Allah has ordered
to be joined, and make mischief in the land; these it is that are the losers.
do you deny Allah and you were dead and He gave you life? Again He will cause you to die
and again bring you to life, then you shall be brought back to Him.
[2.29] He it
is Who created for you all that is in the earth, and He directed Himself to the heaven, so
He made them complete seven heavens, and He knows all things.
when your Lord said to the angels, I am going to place in the earth a khalif, they said:
What! wilt Thou place in it such as shall make mischief in it and shed blood, and we
celebrate Thy praise and extol Thy holiness? He said: Surely I know what you do not know.
He taught Adam all the names, then presented them to the angels; then He said: Tell me the
names of those if you are right.
said: Glory be to Thee! we have no knowledge but that which Thou hast taught us; surely
Thou art the Knowing, the Wise.
said: O Adam! inform them of their names. Then when he had informed them of their names,
He said: Did I not say to you that I surely know what is ghaib [hidden] in the heavens and
the earth and (that) I know what you manifest and what you hide?
when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam they did obeisance, but Iblis (did it
not). He refused and he was proud, and he was one of the unbelievers.
We said: O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the garden and eat from it a plenteous (food)
wherever you wish and do not approach this tree, for then you will be of the unjust.
the Shaitan made them both fall from it, and caused them to depart from that (state) in
which they were; and We said: Get forth, some of you being the enemies of others, and
there is for you in the earth an abode and a provision for a time.
Adam received (some) words from his Lord, so He turned to him mercifully; surely He is
Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
said: Go forth from this (state) all; so surely there will come to you a guidance from Me,
then whoever follows My guidance, no fear shall come upon them, nor shall they grieve.
(as to) those who disbelieve in and reject My communications, they are the inmates of the
fire, in it they shall abide.
children of Israel! call to mind My favor which I bestowed on you and be faithful to
(your) covenant with Me, I will fulfill (My) covenant with you; and of Me, Me alone,
should you be afraid.
believe in what I have revealed, verifying that which is with you, and be not the first to
deny it, neither take a mean price in exchange for My communications; and Me, Me alone
should you fear.
do not mix up the truth with the falsehood, nor hide the truth while you know (it).
keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and bow down with those who bow down.
do you enjoin men to be good and neglect your own souls while you read the Book; have you
then no sense?
seek assistance through patience and prayer, and most surely it is a hard thing except for
the humble ones,
know that they shall meet their Lord and that they shall return to Him.
children of Israel! call to mind My favor which I bestowed on you and that I made you
excel the nations.
be on your guard against a day when one soul shall not avail another in the least, neither
shall intercession on its behalf be accepted, nor shall any compensation be taken from it,
nor shall they be helped.
when We delivered you from Firon's people, who subjected you to severe torment, killing
your sons and sparing your women, and in this there was a great trial from your Lord.
when We parted the sea for you, so We saved you and drowned the followers of Firon and you
when We appointed a time of forty nights with Musa, then you took the calf (for a god)
after him and you were unjust.
We pardoned you after that so that you might give thanks.
when We gave Musa the Book and the distinction that you might walk aright.
when Musa said to his people: O my people! you have surely been unjust to yourselves by
taking the calf (for a god), therefore turn to your Creator (penitently), so kill your
people, that is best for you with your Creator: so He turned to you (mercifully), for
surely He is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
when you said: O Musa! we will not believe in you until we see Allah manifestly, so the
punishment overtook you while you looked on.
We raised you up after your death that you may give thanks.
We made the clouds to give shade over you and We sent to you manna and quails: Eat of the
good things that We have given you; and they did not do Us any harm, but they made their
own souls suffer the loss.
when We said: Enter this city, then eat from it a plenteous (food) wherever you wish, and
enter the gate making obeisance, and say, forgiveness. We will forgive you your wrongs and
give more to those who do good (to others).
those who were unjust changed it for a saying other than that which had been spoken to
them, so We sent upon those who were unjust a pestilence from heaven, because they
when Musa prayed for drink for his people, We said: Strike the rock with your staff So
there gushed from it twelve springs; each tribe knew its drinking place: Eat and drink of
the provisions of Allah and do not act corruptly in the land, making mischief.
when you said: O Musa! we cannot bear with one food, therefore pray Lord on our behalf to
bring forth for us out of what the earth grows, of its herbs and its cucumbers and its
garlic and its lentils and its onions. He said: Will you exchange that which is better for
that which is worse? Enter a city, so you will have what you ask for. And abasement and
humiliation were brought down upon them, and they became deserving of Allah's wrath; this
was so because they disbelieved in the communications of Allah and killed the prophets
unjustly; this was so because they disobeyed and exceeded the limits.
Surely those who believe, and those who are Jews, and the Christians, and the Sabians,
whoever believes in Allah and the Last day and does good, they shall have their reward
from their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.
when We took a promise from you and lifted the mountain over you: Take hold of the law
(Taurat) We have given you with firmness and bear in mind what is in it so that you may
guard (against evil).
you turned back after that; so were it not for the grace of Allah and His mercy on you,
you would certainly have been among the losers.
certainly you have known those among you who exceeded the limits of the Sabbath, so We
said to them: Be (as) apes, despised and hated.
[2.66] So We
made them an example to those who witnessed it and those who came after it, and an
admonition to those who guard (against evil).
when Musa said to his people: Surely Allah commands you that you should sacrifice a cow;
they said: Do you ridicule us? He said: I seek the protection of Allah from being one of
said: Call on your Lord for our sake to make it plain to us what she is. Musa said: He
says, Surely she is a cow neither advanced in age nor too young, of middle age between
that (and this); do therefore what you are commanded.
said: Call on your Lord for our sake to make it plain to us what her color is. Musa said:
He says, Surely she is a yellow cow; her color is intensely yellow, giving delight to the
said: Call on your Lord for our sake to make it plain to us what she is, for surely to us
the cows are all alike, and if Allah please we shall surely be guided aright.
said: He says, Surely she is a cow not made submissive that she should plough the land,
nor does she irrigate the tilth; sound, without a blemish in her. They said: Now you have
brought the truth; so they sacrificed her, though they had not the mind to do (it).
when you killed a man, then you disagreed with respect to that, and Allah was to bring
forth that which you were going to hide.
[2.73] So We
said: Strike the (dead body) with part of the (Sacrificed cow), thus Allah brings the dead
to life, and He shows you His signs so that you may understand.
your hearts hardened after that, so that they were like rocks, rather worse in hardness;
and surely there are some rocks from which streams burst forth, and surely there are some
of them which split asunder so water issues out of them, and surely there are some of them
which fall down for fear of Allah, and Allah is not at all heedless of what you do.
you then hope that they would believe in you, and a party from among them indeed used to
hear the Word of Allah, then altered it after they had understood it, and they know
when they meet those who believe they say: We believe, and when they are alone one with
another they say: Do you talk to them of what Allah has disclosed to you that they may
contend with you by this before your Lord? Do you not then understand?
they not know that Allah knows what they keep secret and what they make known?
there are among them illiterates who know not the Book but only lies, and they do but
then, to those who write the book with their hands and then say: This is from Allah, so
that they may take for it a small price; therefore woe to them for what their hands have
written and woe to them for what they earn.
they say: Fire shall not touch us but for a few days. Say: Have you received a promise
from Allah, then Allah will not fail to perform His promise, or do you speak against Allah
what you do not know?
whoever earns evil and his sins beset him on every side, these are the inmates of the
fire; in it they shall abide.
(as for) those who believe and do good deeds, these are the dwellers of the garden; in it
they shall abide.
when We made a covenant with the children of Israel: You shall not serve any but Allah and
(you shall do) good to (your) parents, and to the near of kin and to the orphans and the
needy, and you shall speak to men good words and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate.
Then you turned back except a few of you and (now too) you turn aside.
when We made a covenant with you: You shall not shed your blood and you shall not turn
your people out of your cities; then you gave a promise while you witnessed.
you it is who slay your people and turn a party from among you out of their homes, backing
each other up against them unlawfully and exceeding the limits; and if they should come to
you, as captives you would ransom them-- while their very turning out was unlawful for
you. Do you then believe in a part of the Book and disbelieve in the other? What then is
the reward of such among you as do this but disgrace in the life of this world, and on the
day of resurrection they shall be sent back to the most grievous chastisement, and Allah
is not at all heedless of what you do.
are they who buy the life of this world for the hereafter, so their chastisement shall not
be lightened nor shall they be helped.
most certainly We gave Musa the Book and We sent apostles after him one after another; and
We gave Isa, the son of Marium, clear arguments and strengthened him with the holy spirit,
What! whenever then an apostle came to you with that which your souls did not desire, you
were insolent so you called some liars and some you slew.
they say: Our hearts are covered. Nay, Allah has cursed them on account of their unbelief;
so little it is that they believe.
when there came to them a Book from Allah verifying that which they have, and aforetime
they used to pray for victory against those who disbelieve, but when there came to them
(Prophet) that which they did not recognize, they disbelieved in him; so Allah's curse is
on the unbelievers.
is that for which they have sold their souls -- that they should deny what Allah has
revealed, out of envy that Allah should send down of His grace on whomsoever of His
servants He pleases; so they have made themselves deserving of wrath upon wrath, and there
is a disgraceful punishment for the unbelievers.
when it is said to them, Believe in what Allah has revealed, they say: We believe in that
which was revealed to us; and they deny what is besides that, while it is the truth
verifying that which they have. Say: Why then did you kill Allah's Prophets before if you
were indeed believers?
most certainly Musa came to you with clear arguments, then you took the calf (for a god)
in his absence and you were unjust.
when We made a covenant with you and raised the mountain over you: Take hold of what We
have given you with firmness and be obedient. They said: We hear and disobey. And they
were made to imbibe (the love of) the calf into their hearts on account of their unbelief.
Say: Evil is that which your belief bids you if you are believers.
If the future abode with Allah is specially for you to the exclusion of the people, then
invoke death if you are truthful.
they will never invoke it on account of what their hands have sent before, and Allah knows
you will most certainly find them the greediest of men for life (greedier) than even those
who are polytheists; every one of them loves that he should be granted a life of a
thousand years, and his being granted a long life will in no way remove him further off
from the chastisement, and Allah sees what they do.
Whoever is the enemy of Jibreel -- for surely he revealed it to your heart by Allah's
command, verifying that which is before it and guidance and good news for the believers.
Whoever is the enemy of Allah and His angels and His apostles and Jibreel and Meekaeel, so
surely Allah is the enemy of the unbelievers.
certainly We have revealed to you clear communications and none disbelieve in them except
What! whenever they make a covenant, a party of them cast it aside? Nay, most of them do
when there came to them an Apostle from Allah verifying that which they have, a party of
those who were given the Book threw the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they knew
they followed what the Shaitans chanted of sorcery in the reign of Sulaiman, and Sulaiman
was not an unbeliever, but the Shaitans disbelieved, they taught men sorcery and that was
sent down to the two angels at Babel, Harut and Marut, yet these two taught no man until
they had said, " Surely we are only a trial, therefore do not be a disbeliever."
Even then men learned from these two, magic by which they might cause a separation between
a man and his wife; and they cannot hurt with it any one except with Allah's permission,
and they learned what harmed them and did not profit them, and certainly they know that he
who bought it should have no share of good in the hereafter and evil was the price for
which they sold their souls, had they but known this.
if they had believed and guarded themselves (against evil), reward from Allah would
certainly have been better; had they but known (this).
you who believe! do not say Raina and say Unzurna and listen, and for the unbelievers
there is a painful chastisement.
Those who disbelieve from among the followers of the Book do not like, nor do the
polytheists, that the good should be sent down to you from your Lord, and Allah chooses
especially whom He pleases for His mercy, and Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.
Whatever communications We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring one better than it
or like it. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things?
you not know that Allah's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and that besides
Allah you have no guardian or helper?
Rather you wish to put questions to your Apostle, as Musa was questioned before; and
whoever adopts unbelief instead of faith, he indeed has lost the right direction of the
of the followers of the Book wish that they could turn you back into unbelievers after
your faith, out of envy from themselves, (even) after the truth has become manifest to
them; but pardon and forgive, so that Allah should bring about His command; surely Allah
has power over all things.
keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and whatever good you send before for yourselves, you
shall find it with Allah; surely Allah sees what you do.
they say: None shall enter the garden (or paradise) except he who is a Jew or a Christian.
These are their vain desires. Say: Bring your proof if you are truthful.
whoever submits himself entirely to Allah and he is the doer of good (to others) he has
his reward from his Lord, and there is no fear for him nor shall he grieve.
the Jews say: The Christians do not follow anything (good) and the Christians say: The
Jews do not follow anything (good) while they recite the (same) Book. Even thus say those
who have no knowledge, like to what they say; so Allah shall judge between them on the day
of resurrection in what they differ.
who is more unjust than he who prevents (men) from the masjids of Allah, that His name
should be remembered in them, and strives to ruin them? (As for) these, it was not proper
for them that they should have entered them except in fear; they shall meet with disgrace
in this world, and they shall have great chastisement in the hereafter.
Allah's is the East and the West, therefore, whither you turn, thither is Allah's purpose;
surely Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
they say: Allah has taken to himself a son. Glory be to Him; rather, whatever is in the
heavens and the earth is His; all are obedient to Him.
Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth, and when He decrees an affair, He only
says to it, Be, so there it is.
those who have no knowledge say: Why does not Allah speak to us or a sign come to us? Even
thus said those before them, the like of what they say; their hearts are all alike. Indeed
We have made the communications clear for a people who are sure.
Surely We have sent you with the truth as a bearer of good news and as a warner, and you
shall not be called upon to answer for the companions of the flaming fire.
the Jews will not be pleased with you, nor the Christians until you follow their religion.
Say: Surely Allah's guidance, that is the (true) guidance. And if you follow their desires
after the knowledge that has come to you, you shall have no guardian from Allah, nor any
Those to whom We have given the Book read it as it ought to be read. These believe in it;
and whoever disbelieves in it, these it is that are the losers.
children of Israel, call to mind My favor which I bestowed on you and that I made you
excel the nations.
be on your guard against a day when no soul shall avail another in the least neither shall
any compensation be accepted from it, nor shall intercession profit it, nor shall they be
when his Lord tried Ibrahim with certain words, he fulfilled them. He said: Surely I will
make you an Imam of men. Ibrahim said: And of my offspring? My covenant does not include
the unjust, said He.
when We made the House a pilgrimage for men and a (place of) security, and: Appoint for
yourselves a place of prayer on the standing-place of Ibrahim. And We enjoined Ibrahim and
Ismail saying: Purify My House for those who visit (it) and those who abide (in it) for
devotion and those who bow down (and) those who prostrate themselves.
when Ibrahim said: My Lord, make it a secure town and provide its people with fruits, such
of them as believe in Allah and the last day. He said: And whoever disbelieves, I will
grant him enjoyment for a short while, then I will drive him to the chastisement of the
fire; and it is an evil destination.
when Ibrahim and Ismail raised the foundations of the House: Our Lord! accept from us;
surely Thou art the Hearing, the Knowing:
Lord! and make us both submissive to Thee and (raise) from our offspring a nation
submitting to Thee, and show us our ways of devotion and turn to us (mercifully), surely
Thou art the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
Lord! and raise up in them an Apostle from among them who shall recite to them Thy
communications and teach them the Book and the wisdom, and purify them; surely Thou art
the Mighty, the Wise.
who forsakes the religion of Ibrahim but he who makes himself a fool, and most certainly
We chose him in this world, and in the hereafter he is most surely among the righteous.
his Lord said to him, Be a Muslim, he said: I submit myself to the Lord of the worlds.
the same did Ibrahim enjoin on his sons and (so did) Yaqoub. O my sons! surely Allah has
chosen for you (this) faith, therefore die not unless you are Muslims.
were you witnesses when death visited Yaqoub, when he said to his sons: What will you
serve after me? They said: We will serve your God and the God of your fathers, Ibrahim and
Ismail and Ishaq, one God only, and to Him do we submit.
is a people that have passed away; they shall have what they earned and you shall have
what you earn, and you shall not be called upon to answer for what they did.
they say: Be Jews or Christians, you will be on the right course. Say: Nay! (we follow)
the Deen of Ibrahim, the Hanif, and he was not one of the polytheists.
We believe in Allah and (in) that which had been revealed to us, and (in) that which was
revealed to Ibrahim and Ismail and Ishaq and Yaqoub and the tribes, and (in) that which
was given to Musa and Isa, and (in) that which was given to the prophets from their Lord,
we do not make any distinction between any of them, and to Him do we submit.
then they believe as you believe in Him, they are indeed on the right course, and if they
turn back, then they are only in great opposition, so Allah will suffice you against them,
and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
(Receive) the baptism of Allah, and who is better than Allah in baptizing? and Him do we
Do you dispute with us about Allah, and He is our Lord and your Lord, and we shall have
our deeds and you shall have your deeds, and we are sincere to Him.
do you say that Ibrahim and Ismail and Yaqoub and the tribes were Jews or Christians? Say:
Are you better knowing or Allah? And who is more unjust than he who conceals a testimony
that he has from Allah? And Allah is not at all heedless of what you do.
is a people that have passed away; they shall have what they earned and you shall have
what you earn, and you shall not be called upon to answer for what they did.
fools among the people will say: What has turned them from their qiblah which they had?
Say: The East and the West belong only to Allah; He guides whom He likes to the right
thus We have made you a medium (just) nation that you may be the bearers of witness to the
people and (that) the Apostle may be a bearer of witness to you; and We did not make that
which you would have to be the qiblah but that We might distinguish him who follows the
Apostle from him who turns back upon his heels, and this was surely hard except for those
whom Allah has guided aright; and Allah was not going to make your faith to be fruitless;
most surely Allah is Affectionate, Merciful to the people.
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