In the Name
of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
people! be careful of (your duty to) your Lord, Who created you from a single being and
created its mate of the same (kind) and spread from these two, many men and women; and be
careful of (your duty to) Allah, by Whom you demand one of another (your rights), and (to)
the ties of relationship; surely Allah ever watches over you.
give to the orphans their property, and do not substitute worthless (things) for (their)
good (ones), and do not devour their property (as an addition) to your own property; this
is surely a great crime.
[4.3] And if
you fear that you cannot act equitably towards orphans, then marry such women as seem good
to you, two and three and four; but if you fear that you will not do justice (between
them), then (marry) only one or what your right hands possess; this is more proper, that
you may not deviate from the right course.
give women their dowries as a free gift, but if they of themselves be pleased to give up
to you a portion of it, then eat it with enjoyment and with wholesome result.
[4.5] And do
not give away your property which Allah has made for you a (means of) support to the weak
of understanding, and maintain them out of (the profits of) it, and clothe them and speak
to them words of honest advice.
test the orphans until they attain puberty; then if you find in them maturity of
intellect, make over to them their property, and do not consume it extravagantly and
hastily, lest they attain to full age; and whoever is rich, let him abstain altogether,
and whoever is poor, let him eat reasonably; then when you make over to them their
property, call witnesses in their presence; and Allah is enough as a Reckoner.
shall have a portion of what the parents and the near relatives leave, and women shall
have a portion of what the parents and the near relatives leave, whether there is little
or much of it; a stated portion.
when there are present at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give
them (something) out of it and speak to them kind words.
let those fear who, should they leave behind them weakly offspring, would fear on their
account, so let them be careful of (their duty to) Allah, and let them speak right words.
for) those who swallow the property of the orphans unjustly, surely they only swallow fire
into their bellies and they shall enter burning fire.
enjoins you concerning your children: The male shall have the equal of the portion of two
females; then if they are more than two females, they shall have two-thirds of what the
deceased has left, and if there is one, she shall have the half; and as for his parents,
each of them shall have the sixth of what he has left if he has a child, but if he has no
child and (only) his two parents inherit him, then his mother shall have the third; but if
he has brothers, then his mother shall have the sixth after (the payment of) a bequest he
may have bequeathed or a debt; your parents and your children, you know not which of them
is the nearer to you in usefulness; this is an ordinance from Allah: Surely Allah is
you shall have half of what your wives leave if they have no child, but if they have a
child, then you shall have a fourth of what they leave after (payment of) any bequest they
may have bequeathed or a debt; and they shall have the fourth of what you leave if you
have no child, but if you have a child then they shall have the eighth of what you leave
after (payment of) a bequest you may have bequeathed or a debt; and if a man or a woman
leaves property to be inherited by neither parents nor offspring, and he (or she) has a
brother or a sister, then each of them two shall have the sixth, but if they are more than
that, they shall be sharers in the third after (payment of) any bequest that may have been
bequeathed or a debt that does not harm (others); this is an ordinance from Allah: and
Allah is Knowing, Forbearing.
are Allah's limits, and whoever obeys Allah and His Apostle, He will cause him to enter
gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them; and this is the great achievement.
whoever disobeys Allah and His Apostle and goes beyond His limits, He will cause him to
enter fire to abide in it, and he shall have an abasing chastisement.
as for those who are guilty of an indecency from among your women, call to witnesses
against them four (witnesses) from among you; then if they bear witness confine them to
the houses until death takes them away or Allah opens some way for them.
as for the two who are guilty of indecency from among you, give them both a punishment;
then if they repent and amend, turn aside from them; surely Allah is Oft-returning (to
mercy), the Merciful.
Repentance with Allah is only for those who do evil in ignorance, then turn (to Allah)
soon, so these it is to whom Allah turns (mercifully), and Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.
repentance is not for those who go on doing evil deeds, until when death comes to one of
them, he says: Surely now I repent; nor (for) those who die while they are unbelievers.
These are they for whom We have prepared a painful chastisement.
[4.19] O you
who believe! it is not lawful for you that you should take women as heritage against
(their) will, and do not straiten them m order that you may take part of what you have
given them, unless they are guilty of manifest indecency, and treat them kindly; then if
you hate them, it may be that you dislike a thing while Allah has placed abundant good in
if you wish to have (one) wife in place of another and you have given one of them a heap
of gold, then take not from it anything; would you take it by slandering (her) and (doing
her) manifest wrong?
how can you take it when one of you has already gone in to the other and they have made
with you a firm covenant?
marry not woman whom your fathers married, except what has already passed; this surely is
indecent and hateful, and it is an evil way.
[4.23] Forbidden to you are your
mothers and your daughters and your sisters and your paternal aunts and your maternal
aunts and brothers' daughters and sisters' daughters and your mothers that have suckled
you and your foster-sisters and mothers of your wives and your step-daughters who are in
your guardianship, (born) of your wives to whom you have gone in, but if you have not gone
in to them, there is no blame on you (in marrying them), and the wives of your sons who
are of your own loins and that you should have two sisters together, except what has
already passed; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
all married women except those whom your right hands possess (this is) Allah's ordinance
to you, and lawful for you are (all women) besides those, provided that you seek (them)
with your property, taking (them) in marriage not committing fornication. Then as to those
whom you profit by, give them their dowries as appointed; and there is no blame on you
about what you mutually agree after what is appointed; surely Allah is Knowing, Wise.
whoever among you has not within his power ampleness of means to marry free believing
women, then (he may marry) of those whom your right hands possess from among your
believing maidens; and Allah knows best your faith: you are (sprung) the one from the
other; so marry them with the permission of their masters, and give them their dowries
justly, they being chaste, not fornicating, nor receiving paramours; and when they are
taken in marriage, then if they are guilty of indecency, they shall suffer half the
punishment which is (inflicted) upon free women. This is for him among you who fears
falling into evil; and that you abstain is better for you, and Allah is Forgiving,
desires to explain to you, and to guide you into the ways of those before you, and to turn
to you (mercifully), and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
Allah desires that He should turn to you (mercifully), and those who follow (their) lusts
desire that you should deviate (with) a great deviation.
desires that He should make light your burdens, and man is created weak.
[4.29] O you
who believe! do not devour your property among yourselves falsely, except that it be
trading by your mutual consent; and do not kill your people; surely Allah is Merciful to
whoever does this aggressively and unjustly, We will soon cast him into fire; and this is
easy to Allah.
you shun the great sins which you are forbidden, We will do away with your small sins and
cause you to enter an honorable place of entering.
do not covet that by which Allah has made some of you excel others; men shall have the
benefit of what they earn and women shall have the benefit of what they earn; and ask
Allah of His grace; surely Allah knows all things.
to every one We have appointed heirs of what parents and near relatives leave; and as to
those with whom your rights hands have ratified agreements, give them their portion;
surely Allah is a witness over all things.
are the maintainers of women because Allah has made some of them to excel others and
because they spend out of their property; the good women are therefore obedient, guarding
the unseen as Allah has guarded; and (as to) those on whose part you fear desertion,
admonish them, and leave them alone in the sleeping-places and chasten them; then if they
obey you, do not seek a way against them; surely Allah is High, Great.
if you fear a breach between the two, then appoint judge from his people and a judge from
her people; if they both desire agreement, Allah will effect harmony between them, surely
Allah is Knowing, Aware.
serve Allah and do not associate any thing with Him and be good to the parents and to the
near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the neighbor of (your) kin and the alien
neighbor, and the companion in a journey and the wayfarer and those whom your right hands
possess; surely Allah does not love him who is proud, boastful;
who are niggardly and bid people to be niggardly and hide what Allah has given them out of
His grace; and We have prepared for the unbelievers a disgraceful chastisement.
those who spend their property (in alms) to be seen of the people and do not believe in
Allah nor in the last day; and as for him whose associate is the Shaitan, an evil
associate is he!
what (harm) would it have done them if they had believed in Allah and the last day and
spent (benevolently) of what Allah had given them? And Allah knows them.
Surely Allah does not do injustice to the weight of an atom, and if it is a good deed He
multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward.
will it be, then, when We bring from every people a witness and bring you as a witness
that day will those who disbelieve and disobey the Apostle desire that the earth were
leveled with them, and they shall not hide any word from Allah.
[4.43] O you
who believe! do not go near prayer when you are intoxicated until you know (well) what you
say, nor when you are under an obligation to perform a bath -- unless (you are) traveling
on the road -- until you have washed yourselves; and if you are sick, or on a journey, or
one of you come from the privy or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water,
betake yourselves to pure earth, then wipe your faces and your hands; surely Allah is
you not considered those to whom a portion of the Book has been given? They buy error and
desire that you should go astray from the way.
Allah best knows your enemies; and Allah suffices as a Guardian, and Allah suffices as a
those who are Jews (there are those who) alter words from their places and say: We have
heard and we disobey and: Hear, may you not be made to hear! and: Raina, distorting (the
word) with their tongues and taunting about religion; and if they had said (instead): We
have heard and we obey, and hearken, and unzurna it would have been better for them and
more upright; but Allah has cursed them on account of their unbelief, so they do not
believe but a little.
[4.47] O you
who have been given the Book! believe that which We have revealed, verifying what you
have, before We alter faces then turn them on their backs, or curse them as We cursed the
violaters of the Sabbath, and the command of Allah shall be executed.
Surely Allah does not forgive that anything should be associated with Him, and forgives
what is besides that to whomsoever He pleases; and whoever associates anything with Allah,
he devises indeed a great sin.
you not considered those who attribute purity to themselves? Nay, Allah purifies whom He
pleases; and they shall not be wronged the husk of a date stone.
how they forge the lie against Allah, and this is sufficient as a manifest sin.
you not seen those to whom a portion of the Book has been given? They believe in idols and
false deities and say of those who disbelieve: These are better guided in the path than
those who believe.
are they whom Allah has cursed, and whomever Allah curses you shall not find any helper
have they a share in the kingdom? But then they would not give to people even the speck in
the date stone.
[4.54] Or do
they envy the people for what Allah has given them of His grace? But indeed We have given
to Ibrahim's children the Book and the wisdom, and We have given them a grand kingdom.
[4.55] So of
them is he who believes in him, and of them is he who turns away from him, and hell is
sufficient to burn.
for) those who disbelieve in Our communications, We shall make them enter fire; so oft as
their skins are thoroughly burned, We will change them for other skins, that they may
taste the chastisement; surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.
(as for) those who believe and do good deeds, We will make them enter gardens beneath
which rivers flow, to abide in them for ever; they shall have therein pure mates, and We
shall make them enter a dense shade.
Surely Allah commands you to make over trusts to their owners and that when you judge
between people you judge with justice; surely Allah admonishes you with what is excellent;
surely Allah is Seeing, Hearing.
[4.59] O you
who believe! obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those in authority from among you; then
if you quarrel about anything, refer it to Allah and the Apostle, if you believe in Allah
and the last day; this is better and very good in the end.
you not seen those who assert that they believe in what has been revealed to you and what
was revealed before you? They desire to summon one another to the judgment of the Shaitan,
though they were commanded to deny him, and the Shaitan desires to lead them astray into a
when it is said to them: Come to what Allah has revealed and to the Apostle, you will see
the hypocrites turning away from you with (utter) aversion.
how will it be when misfortune befalls them on account of what their hands have sent
before? Then they will come to you swearing by Allah: We did not desire (anything) but
good and concord.
are they of whom Allah knows what is in their hearts; therefore turn aside from them and
admonish them, and speak to them effectual words concerning themselves.
We did not send any apostle but that he should be obeyed by Allah's permission; and had
they, when they were unjust to themselves, come to you and asked forgiveness of Allah and
the Apostle had (also) asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah
Oft-returning (to mercy), Merciful.
no! by your Lord! they do not believe (in reality) until they make you a judge of that
which has become a matter of disagreement among them, and then do not find any straitness
in their hearts as to what you have decided and submit with entire submission.
if We had prescribed for them: Lay down your lives or go forth from your homes, they would
not have done it except a few of them; and if they had done what they were admonished, it
would have certainly been better for them and best in strengthening (them);
then We would certainly have given them from Ourselves a great reward.
We would certainly have guided them in the right path.
whoever obeys Allah and the Apostle, these are with those upon whom Allah has bestowed
favors from among the prophets and the truthful and the martyrs and the good, and a goodly
company are they!
is grace from Allah, and sufficient is Allah as the Knower.
[4.71] O you
who believe! take your precaution, then go forth in detachments or go forth in a body.
surely among you is he who would certainly hang back! If then a misfortune befalls you he
says: Surely Allah conferred a benefit on me that I was not present with them.
if grace from Allah come to you, he would certainly cry out, as if there had not been any
friendship between you and him: Would that I had been with them, then I should have
attained a mighty good fortune.
Therefore let those fight in the way of Allah, who sell this world's life for the
hereafter; and whoever fights in the way of Allah, then be he slain or be he victorious,
We shall grant him a mighty reward.
what reason have you that you should not fight in the way of Allah and of the weak among
the men and the women and the children, (of) those who say: Our Lord! cause us to go forth
from this town, whose people are oppressors, and give us from Thee a guardian and give us
from Thee a helper.
who believe fight in the way of Allah, and those who disbelieve fight in the way of the
Shaitan. Fight therefore against the friends of the Shaitan; surely the strategy of the
Shaitan is weak.
you not seen those to whom it was said: Withhold your hands, and keep up prayer and pay
the poor-rate; but when fighting is prescribed for them, lo! a party of them fear men as
they ought to have feared Allah, or (even) with a greater fear, and say: Our Lord! why
hast Thou ordained fighting for us? Wherefore did Thou not grant us a delay to a near end?
Say: The provision of this world is short, and the hereafter is better for him who guards
(against evil); and you shall not be wronged the husk of a date stone.
Wherever you are, death will overtake you, though you are in lofty towers, and if a
benefit comes to them, they say: This is from Allah; and if a misfortune befalls them,
they say: This is from you. Say: All is from Allah, but what is the matter with these
people that they do not make approach to understanding what is told (them)?
Whatever benefit comes to you (O man!), it is from Allah, and whatever misfortune befalls
you, it is from yourself, and We have sent you (O Prophet!), to mankind as an apostle; and
Allah is sufficient as a witness.
Whoever obeys the Apostle, he indeed obeys Allah, and whoever turns back, so We have not
sent you as a keeper over them.
they say: Obedience. But when they go out from your presence, a party of them decide by
night upon doing otherwise than what you say; and Allah writes down what they decide by
night, therefore turn aside from them and trust in Allah, and Allah is sufficient as a
they not then meditate on the Quran? And if it were from any other than Allah, they
would have found in it many a discrepancy.
when there comes to them news of security or fear they spread it abroad; and if they had
referred it to the Apostle and to those in authority among them, those among them who can
search out the knowledge of it would have known it, and were it not for the grace of Allah
upon you and His mercy, you would have certainly followed the Shaitan save a few.
then in Allah's way; this is not imposed on you except In relation to yourself, and rouse
the believers to ardor maybe Allah will restrain the fighting of those who disbelieve and
Allah is strongest in prowess and strongest to give an exemplary punishment.
Whoever joins himself (to another) in a good cause shall have a share of it, and whoever
joins himself (to another) in an evil cause shall have the responsibility of it, and Allah
controls all things.
when you are greeted with a greeting, greet with a better (greeting) than it or return it;
surely Allah takes account of all things.
Allah, there is no god but He -- He will most certainly gather you together on the
resurrection day, there is no doubt in it; and who is more true in word than Allah?
is the matter with you, then, that you have become two parties about the hypocrites, while
Allah has made them return (to unbelief) for what they have earned? Do you wish to guide
him whom Allah has caused to err? And whomsoever Allah causes to err, you shall by no
means find a way for him.